According to the Department of Agriculture and Rural Development of Ca Mau, the whole province has 280,000 ha of shrimp farming, accounting for 94% of the province’s total aquaculture area and nearly 40% of the country’s shrimp farming area. Although there is an increase over the same period, but with the end of 2019 production of over 190,000 tons and an average yield of nearly 680 kg / ha / year, the export turnover of over 1 billion USD / year, is not utilized and exploited. potential efficiency and local advantages.
Brackish water shrimp farming in Ca Mau is structured in 5 types: industrial shrimp farming (semi-intensive, intensive, super-intensive), improved extensive, shrimp-rice, shrimp-forest, extensive farming. Currently, this sector has not yet built a process of raising high yield, disease safety, as well as an effective production chain linkage model for dissemination and replication. In addition, the provision of information, especially the market price information is limited, people are still confused in choosing the object, size of harvest, some households have to harvest young shrimps Due to fear of falling prices, it has had a significant impact on farmers’ economy, as well as the province’s key economic sector.
Despite many difficulties, the Ca Mau Shrimp industry still has many advantages to develop. In 2020, besides maintaining the shrimp farming area under 5 types, Ca Mau sets the goal of increasing the average productivity to over 714kg / ha / year, bringing the shrimp farming output to about 200,000 tons / year.
(According to Vasep)